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Van Gogh in

Nuenen

  1. 5 Dec. 1884 1883
     - 24 Nov. 1885

Vincent lived in Nuenen for two years and painted the large figure study The Potato Eaters there.

In December 1883, Vincent left Drenthe for his parents’ house in Nuenen. It was a bold step, for he had not been to see them since Christmas 1881 (when they still lived in Etten). He was not met with a warm reception but his parents allowed him to stay and to set up a studio in the mangle room.

Although family relations were not as good as they had been, Vincent soon decided he wanted to stay in Nuenen because he loved its surroundings and its people. In weaving mills, on the land and in his studio, he diligently worked and produced studies of typical Brabant residents. He also went out into the countryside and painted landscapes. He was particularly concerned with the effects of colour. Confident in his abilities thanks to the numerous figure studies he had made, he produced the large figurative painting The Potato Eaters.

Vincent often went to Eindhoven, where he bought paint and gave art lessons to Willem van de Wakker, Anton Kerssemakers and Antoon Hermans. He also designed paintings for the dining room in Hermans’ house.

Vincent depended on his brother Theo financially, as he remained unable to sell his work. The lack of sales caused tension between Vincent and Theo, and Vincent reproached Theo forcefully. Still, Theo, who was working as an art dealer in Paris, continued to send Vincent 150 francs every month in exchange for a few pieces. They agreed that every painting Vincent produced would henceforth be Theo’s property.

After working at his parents’ house for some time, Vincent began looking for a larger studio. He soon found one, which he rented from Johannes Schafrat. After his father died of a heart attack in March 1885, Vincent moved out and went to live in his studio. He fantasised about moving to Antwerp in the hopes of selling work there and continuing his studies. He finally left for the city on 24 November 1885.

Made here

Weaver, 1883-84

Weaver, 1883-84

Watercolor, 25,4 x 35,6 cm

Van Gogh Museum, Amsterdam (Vincent van Gogh Stichting)

Weaver 1884-84

Weaver 1884-84

Watercolor, 35,5 x 44,6 cm

Van Gogh Museum, Amsterdam (Vincent van Gogh Stichting)

Wood sale, 1884

Wood sale, 1884

Watercolor, 34,9 x 44,8 cm

Van Gogh Museum, Amsterdam (Vincent van Gogh Stichting)

The parsonage garden at Nuenen in the snow, 1885

The parsonage garden at Nuenen in the snow, 1885

Oil on canvas on panel, 59 x 78 cm

Norton Simon Art Foundation, Pasadena

The parsonage garden at Nuenen in the snow, 1885

The parsonage garden at Nuenen in the snow, 1885

Oil on canvas on panel, 53 x 78 cm

Armand Hammer Museum of Art, Los Angeles

The vicarage at Neunen, 1885

The vicarage at Neunen, 1885

Oil on canvas, 33,2 x 43 cm

Van Gogh Museum, Amsterdam (Vincent van Gogh Stichting)

Study for 'The potato eaters', 1885

Study for 'The potato eaters', 1885

Oil on canvas, 33,6 x 44,5 cm

Van Gogh Museum, Amsterdam (Vincent van Gogh Stichting)

The potato eaters, 1885

The potato eaters, 1885

Oil on canvas on panel, 1885

Kröller-Müller, Otterlo

Head of a woman, 1885

Head of a woman, 1885

Oil on canvas, 43,2 x 30 cm

Van Gogh Museum, Amsterdam (Vincent van Gogh Stichting)

Congration Leaving the Reformed Church in Nuenen, 1884

Congration Leaving the Reformed Church in Nuenen, 1884

Oil on canvas, 41,3 x 32,1 cm

Van Gogh Museum, Amsterdam (Vincent van Gogh Stichting)

The Reformed Church in Nuenen, 1884

The Reformed Church in Nuenen, 1884

Mixed media on paper

Otterlo, Kröller-Müller Museum

The old chucrh tower at Nuenen with a ploughman, 1884

The old chucrh tower at Nuenen with a ploughman, 1884

Oil on canvas, 36 x 44,3 cm

Kröller-Müller, Otterlo

The old tower at dusk, 1884

The old tower at dusk, 1884

Oil on canvas on cardboard, 35 x 47 cm

Particuliere collectie

The old tower, 1884

The old tower, 1884

Oil on canvas on cardboard, 47,5 x 55 cm

Foundation E.G. Buehrle Collection, Zürich

The old church tower at Nuenen ('Het boerenkerkhof'), 1885

The old church tower at Nuenen ('Het boerenkerkhof'), 1885

Oil on canvas, 65 x 80 cm

Amsterdam, Van Gogh Museum (Vincent van Gogh Stichting)

Sale of building scrap, 1885

Sale of building scrap, 1885

Mixed media, 38 x 55,4 cm

Amsterdam, Van Gogh Museum (Vincent van Gogh Stichting)

Churchyard in winter, 1883

Churchyard in winter, 1883

Mixed media, 18,4 x 28,6 cm

Van Gogh Museum, Amsterdam (Vincent van Gogh Stichting)

The old church tower at Nuenen ('Het boerenkerkhof'), 1885

The old church tower at Nuenen ('Het boerenkerkhof'), 1885

Oil on canvas, 65 x 80 cm

Van Gogh Museum, Amsterdam (Vincent van Gogh Stichting)

Water mill, 1884

Water mill, 1884

Oil on canvas on cardboard, 57,5 x 78 cm

Private collection

Water mill at Opwetten, 1884

Water mill at Opwetten, 1884

Oil on canvas on panel, 58 x 45 cm

Private collection

Water mill at Gennep, 1884

Water mill at Gennep, 1884

Oil on canvas on panel, 87 x 151 cm

Museo Thyssen-Bornemisza, Madrid

Water mill at Gennep, 1884

Water mill at Gennep, 1884

Watercolor, 30,5 x 47,5 cm

Current whereabouts unknown

The potato eaters, 1885

The potato eaters, 1885

Lithograph, 28,4 x 31,1 cm

Amsterdam, Van Gogh Museum (Vincent van Gogh Stichting)

    Continue reading

    1. Ton de Brouwer

      Van Gogh en Nuenen
      Venlo, 1984